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用舌尖看世界(组图)

来源: 南方日报网络版     时间: 2019年09月16日 18:06:25
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(  海)(伦)(·凯)(勒)(曾)(希)(望)(有)(三)(天)(光)(明)(来)(看)(看)(世)(界)(,医)(疗)(设)(备)(公)(司)(Wicab则)(研)(发)(了)(一)(款)(名)(为)(BrainPort的)(盲)(人)(眼)(镜)(产)(品)(,帮)(助)(盲)(人)(用)(舌)(头)(“看)(见)(”世)(界)(。  Wicab公)(司)(CEO罗)(伯)(特)(·贝)(克)(曼)(对)(包)(括)(《第)(一)(财)(经)(日)(报)(》在)(内)(的)(媒)(体)(透)(露)(,能)(够)(重)(新)(让)(盲)(人)(“看)(见)(”的)(BrainPortV200将)(很)(快)(进)(入)(中)(国)(市)(场)(,售)(价)(在)(5500美)(元)(左)(右)(。  “我)(们)(最)(大)(的)(市)(场)(是)(中)(国)(,最)(大)(的)(目)(标)(也)(是)(中)(国)(。”罗)(伯)(特)(·贝)(克)(曼)(对)(记)(者)(说)(,“盲)(人)(因)(为)(缺)(少)(社)(会)(接)(触)(往)(往)(陷)(入)(抑)(郁)(。而)(中)(国)(盲)(人)(几)(乎)(足)(不)(出)(户)(,是)(社)(会)(的)(隐)(形)(人)(。我)(希)(望)(我)(们)(的)(仪)(器)(能)(让)(全)(盲)(人)(走)(出)(去)(,和)(其)(他)(盲)(人)(进)(行)(交)(流)(,帮)(助)(解)(决)(盲)(人)(的)(抑)(郁)(问)(题)(。”  用)(舌)(头)(“看)(”世)(界)(  在)(正)(式)(进)(入)(中)(国)(市)(场)(前)(,去)(年)(夏)(天)(,山)(西)(男)(童)(小)(斌)(斌)(曾)(佩)(戴)(BrainPortV100接)(受)(康)(复)(训)(练)(,公)(开)(媒)(体)(报)(道)(,他)(已)(经)(可)(以)(运)(用)(舌)(式)(导)(盲)(仪)(“看)(见)(”简)(单)(汉)(字)(模)(型)(和)(球)(状)(模)(型)(个)(数)(。  小)(斌)(斌)(所)(佩)(戴)(的)(BrainPortV100由)(三)(部)(分)(组)(成)(:眼)(镜)(、舌)(部)(芯)(片)(及)(手)(控)(传)(感)(器)(。而)(即)(将)(进)(入)(中)(国)(市)(场)(的)(BrainPortV200是)(V100的)(升)(级)(版)(。它)(将)(原)(本)(手)(持)(的)(微)(型)(处)(理)(器)(埋)(入)(了)(眼)(镜)(的)(圆)(环)(里)(,并)(减)(少)(线)(圈)(,使)(它)(更)(小)(巧)(,易)(于)(携)(带)(。  此)(外)(,BrainPort二)(代)(单)(块)(电)(池)(续)(航)(能)(力)(也)(从)(4小)(时)(延)(长)(至)(6至)(8小)(时)(。“一)(般)(是)(每)(个)(仪)(器)(两)(块)(电)(池)(,我)(们)(认)(为)(二)(代)(产)(品)(两)(块)(电)(池)(可)(以)(使)(用)(十)(几)(个)(小)(时)(。”罗)(伯)(特)(·贝)(克)(曼)(说)(。  “助)(盲)(神)(器)(”BrainPortV200究)(竟)(是)(如)(何)(工)(作)(的)(?  眼)(镜)(前)(端)(的)(摄)(像)(头)(会)(捕)(获)(视)(觉)(信)(息)(,接)(着)(视)(觉)(信)(息)(进)(入)(控)(制)(器)(进)(行)(加)(工)(转)(化)(,产)(生)(电)(流)(传)(导)(到)(位)(于)(舌)(部)(的)(芯)(片)(,而)(芯)(片)(上)(有)(400个)(点)(,产)(生)(脉)(冲)(信)(号)(刺)(激)(盲)(人)(的)(舌)(头)(。这)(些)(生)(成)(的)(刺)(激)(信)(息)(传)(入)(大)(脑)(进)(行)(加)(工)(处)(理)(,进)(入)(视)(觉)(区)(,最)(终)(形)(成)(视)(知)(觉)(,也)(就)(是)(在)(盲)(人)(大)(脑)(的)(视)(觉)(区)(形)(成)(视)(觉)(图)(像)(。  对)(于)(为)(什)(么)(选)(择)(舌)(头)(作)(为)(传)(导)(,罗)(伯)(特)(·贝)(克)(曼)(的)(解)(释)(是)(:BrainPort的)(仪)(器)(是)(微)(电)(流)(的)(通)(电)(,整)(个)(人)(体)(的)(皮)(肤)(当)(中)(,只)(有)(口)(腔)(舌)(头)(是)(相)(对)(稳)(定)(的)(环)(境)(,恒)(温)(恒)(湿)(,唾)(液)(中)(有)(矿)(物)(质)(,导)(电)(性)(最)(为)(理)(想)(。相)(比)(之)(下)(,人)(体)(会)(由)(于)(出)(汗)(或)(者)(温)(度)(的)(变)(化)(,导)(致)(皮)(下)(的)(毛)(细)(血)(管)(收)(缩)(舒)(张)(严)(重)(改)(变)(导)(电)(性)(。  BrainPort还)(能)(够)(在)(盲)(人)(脑)(海)(中)(呈)(现)(出)(一)(个)(无)(色)(的)(世)(界)(。戴)(上)(BrainPort的)(盲)(人)(能)(够)(辨)(别)(外)(界)(物)(体)(的)(外)(形)(,判)(断)(物)(体)(与)(之)(距)(离)(及)(物)(体)(的)(运)(动)(。“我)(感)(觉)(很)(像)(我)(们)(做)(梦)(。”BrainPort研)(究)(顾)(问)(王)(代)(辉)(这)(样)(说)(。  而)(这)(套)(看)(似)(复)(杂)(的)(操)(作)(,与)(正)(常)(人)(正)(常)(看)(到)(的)(画)(面)(相)(比)(几)(乎)(没)(有)(任)(何)(延)(迟)(,能)(够)(及)(时)(性)(地)(呈)(现)(出)(画)(面)(。“我)(们)(的)(产)(品)(可)(以)(提)(供)(一)(种)(及)(时)(性)(的)(视)(知)(觉)(的)(信)(息)(,这)(些)(是)(导)(盲)(犬)(和)(阅)(读)(机)(不)(能)(给)(予)(的)(,盲)(人)(使)(用)(我)(们)(的)(仪)(器)((能)(够)()看)(月)(食)(,到)(动)(物)(园)(拍)(照)(,到)(水)(族)(馆)(拍)(照)(。”王)(代)(辉)(说)(。  据)(透)(露)(,BrainPortV200的)(舌)(部)(芯)(片)(使)(用)(了)(无)(人)(驾)(驶)(技)(术)(,可)(以)(和)(手)(机)(相)(连)(接)(。利)(用)(手)(机)(上)(的)(软)(件)(和)(计)(算)(能)(力)(最)(终)(形)(成)(虚)(拟)(视)(觉)(,通)(过)(语)(音)(提)(示)(等)(功)(能)(帮)(助)(盲)(人)(识)(别)(标)(识)(,躲)(避)(障)(碍)(物)(或)(沿)(着)(直)(线)(行)(走)(。  此)(外)(,BrainPort将)(来)(会)(和)(其)(他)(的)(智)(能)(终)(端)(设)(备)(通)(过)(无)(线)(互)(联)(,利)(用)(这)(些)(设)(备)(更)(强)(大)(的)(计)(算)(能)(力)(,做)(图)(像)(识)(别)(和)(物)(体)(识)(别)(的)(工)(作)(。如)(同)(无)(人)(驾)(驶)(车)(辆)(能)(够)(沿)(着)(直)(线)(行)(驶)(,辨)(别)(躲)(避)(障)(碍)(物)(和)(识)(别)(交)(通)(信)(号)(,BrainPort能)(够)(将)(驾)(驶)(与)(独)(立)(行)(走)(结)(合)(起)(来)(,成)(为)(盲)(人)(新)(的)(生)(活)(方)(式)(。  “这)(个)(产)(品)(想)(实)(现)(的)(功)(能)(就)(是)(帮)(助)(盲)(人)(更)(好)(地)(识)(别)(一)(些)(标)(志)(,例)(如)(厕)(所)(,日)(常)(会)(使)(用)(到)(的)(一)(些)(东)(西)(,我)(们)(希)(望)(尽)(我)(们)(的)(可)(能)(做)(一)(些)(例)(如)(识)(别)(红)(绿)(灯)(,当)(然)(我)(们)(目)(前)(还)(做)(不)(到)(这)(一)(点)(。”罗)(伯)(特)(·贝)(克)(曼)(说)(:“颜)(色)(是)(通)(过)(语)(音)(提)(示)(的)(,目)(前)(只)(是)(判)(断)(颜)(色)(和)(形)(状)(。”  从)(实)(验)(室)(到)(商)(业)(化)(  BrainPort并)(不)(是)(一)(个)(能)(让)(盲)(人)(一)(下)(子)(重)(获)(光)(明)(的)(神)(器)(,个)(体)(配)(合)(也)(至)(关)(重)(要)(。  “就)(像)(我)(们)(学)(习)(外)(语)(一)(样)(,大)(家)(都)(在)(英)(语)(课)(上)(学)(,有)(人)(学)(得)(好)(,也)(有)(人)(会)(放)(弃)(,这)(个)(个)(体)(差)(异)(性)(主)(要)(取)(决)(于)(学)(习)(的)(意)(愿)(和)(使)(用)(的)(意)(愿)(,并)(非)(是)(病)(因)(和)(体)(质)(。”罗)(伯)(特)(·贝)(克)(曼)(说)(。目)(前)(BrainPort在)(美)(国)(有)(专)(门)(的)(培)(训)(课)(程)(帮)(助)(盲)(人)(了)(解)(怎)(么)(使)(用)(,培)(训)(课)(程)(大)(约)(持)(续)(两)(到)(三)(天)(,总)(共)(五)(六)(个)(小)(时)(的)(时)(间)(。  在)(培)(训)(后)(,盲)(人)(即)(能)(独)(立)(练)(习)(使)(用)(。“我)(们)(认)(为)(在)(盲)(人)(最)(开)(始)(的)(使)(用)(,大)(概)(两)(到)(三)(个)(月)(的)(时)(间)(就)(已)(经)(可)(以)(达)(到)(最)(好)(的)(疗)(效)(或)(者)(效)(果)(。”罗)(伯)(特)(·贝)(克)(曼)(说)(。而)(跟)(学)(习)(任)(何)(技)(术)(一)(样)(,使)(用)(者)(的)(兴)(趣)(心)(也)(很)(重)(要)(。  如)(果)(使)(用)(者)(投)(入)(更)(多)(的)(时)(间)(和)(精)(力)(,BrainPort的)(使)(用)(效)(果)(也)(会)(更)(好)(。罗)(伯)(特)(·贝)(克)(曼)(举)(例)(道)(:“北)(京)(盲)(校)(的)(孩)(子)((利)(用)(BrainPort已)(经)()可)(以)(很)(好)(地)(识)(别)(汉)(字)(了)(;(而)()在)(临)(床)(试)(验)(当)(中)(也)(有)(人)(使)(用)(两)(三)(天)(就)(不)(愿)(意)(学)(了)(,不)(愿)(意)(使)(用)(了)(。”  事)(实)(上)(,在)(2012年)(美)(国)(FDA的)(临)(床)(试)(验)(当)(中)(,BrainPort取)(得)(了)(不)(错)(的)(疗)(效)(——57名)(盲)(人)(在)(为)(期)(一)(年)(的)(试)(验)(后)(,有)(91.2%的)(盲)(人)(可)(以)(成)(功)(地)(辨)(识)(桌)(面)(上)(的)(物)(体)((在)(四)(个)(已)(知)(物)(体)(如)(苹)(果)(、球)(、香)(蕉)(、水)(彩)(笔)(中)(辨)(别)(出)(苹)(果)();57.9%的)(盲)(人)(可)(以)(阅)(读)(简)(单)(的)(英)(文)(单)(词)((三)(到)(五)(个)(单)(词)(组)(合)();58%的)(人)(可)(以)(完)(成)(定)(向)(行)(走)(测)(试)(;57.9%的)(盲)(人)(能)(通)(过)(一)(项)(较)(高)(难)(度)(的)(测)(试)(:在)(楼)(道)(的)(另)(一)(端)(远)(距)(离)(辨)(识)(男)(女)(厕)(所)(标)(志)(,任)(意)(选)(择)(其)(中)(一)(个)(标)(志)(后)(,到)(达)(指)(定)(厕)(所)(。  把)(BrainPort从)(一)(项)(实)(验)(室)(技)(术)(转)(为)(商)(业)(化)(,一)(个)(关)(键)(的)(因)(素)(就)(是)(,在)(今)(年)(6月)(份)(,它)(成)(功)(拿)(到)(了)(美)(国)(FDA的)(上)(市)(许)(可)(,目)(前)(已)(在)(美)(国)(和)(欧)(盟)(进)(行)(销)(售)(。  但)(BrainPort也)(受)(到)(外)(界)(的)(一)(些)(质)(疑)(,如)(配)(套)(摄)(像)(头)(是)(否)(能)(如)(正)(常)(人)(双)(眼)(一)(样)(在)(低)(光)(亮)(环)(境)(下)(有)(效)(工)(作)(?手)(机)(App与)(BrainPort的)(互)(联)(有)(效)(性)(究)(竟)(怎)(样)(?  对)(此)(,罗)(伯)(特)(·贝)(克)(曼)(的)(回)(应)(是)(:“目)(前)(我)(们)(仪)(器)(在)(光)(亮)(环)(境)(不)(理)(想)(的)(情)(况)(下)(表)(现)(并)(不)(是)(非)(常)(的)(好)(,我)(们)(自)(己)(也)(在)(做)(研)(究)(和)(学)(习)(,在)(比)(较)(不)(同)(的)(摄)(像)(头)(的)(质)(量)(,目)(前)(的)(二)(代)(产)(品)(在)(低)(亮)(度)(情)(况)(下)(的)(表)(现)(比)(一)(代)(好)(很)(多)(,我)(们)(仍)(然)(觉)(得)(有)(必)(要)(做)(更)(多)(的)(研)(究)(,选)(更)(好)(的)(摄)(像)(头)(来)(提)(高)(盲)(人)(在)(夜)(间)(,或)(者)(低)(亮)(度)(情)(况)(下)(的)(表)(现)(。”罗)(伯)(特)(·贝)(克)(曼)(补)(充)(道)(,将)(来)(不)(排)(除)(应)(用)(红)(外)(线)(或)(者)(超)(声)(波)(的)(技)(术)(。  而)(对)(于)(手)(机)(App和)(BrainPort的)(互)(联)(有)(效)(性)(质)(疑)(,罗)(伯)(特)(·贝)(克)(曼)(则)(表)(示)(,BrainPort手)(机)(软)(件)(的)(开)(发)(将)(开)(放)(给)(全)(世)(界)(的)(软)(件)(开)(发)(者)(:“我)(们)(只)(是)(搭)(建)(一)(个)(平)(台)(,而)(不)(是)(一)(个)(终)(极)(目)(标)(,有)(很)(多)(对)(盲)(人)(有)(很)(大)(帮)(助)(的)(东)(西)(我)(们)(自)(己)(并)(不)(知)(道)(,而)(我)(们)(需)(要)(和)(全)(世)(界)(的)(软)(件)(开)(发)(者)(一)(起)(合)(作)(,开)(发)(一)(些)(更)(有)(用)(的)(软)(件)(。”  中)(国)(落)(地)(计)(划)(  把)(中)(国)(视)(作)(最)(大)(市)(场)(的)(Wicab,计)(划)(如)(何)(把)(BrainPortV200引)(入)(中)(国)(市)(场)(?  此)(前)(,Wicab获)(得)(了)(中)(国)(海)(银)(资)(本)(融)(资)(。下)(一)(步)(,Wicab计)(划)(在)(2016年)(春)(天)(前)(完)(成)(新)(一)(轮)(800万)(至)(1000万)(美)(元)(的)(融)(资)(,用)(于)(产)(品)(后)(续)(开)(发)(、建)(立)(中)(国)(工)(厂)(、在)(中)(国)(市)(场)(推)(广)(等)(。BrainPort在)(中)(国)(审)(批)(流)(程)(约)(耗)(时)(9至)(20个)(月)(,预)(算)(为)(130万)(美)(元)(。  罗)(伯)(特)(·贝)(克)(曼)(介)(绍)(,Wicab公)(司)(的)(计)(划)(借)(助)(在)(中)(国)(大)(城)(市)(残)(疾)(人)(机)(构)(建)(立)(体)(验)(点)(,让)(盲)(人)(免)(费)(体)(验)(仪)(器)(。如)(果)(体)(验)(效)(果)(好)(,盲)(人)(可)(以)(选)(择)(就)(近)(医)(院)(或)(者)(联)(系)(合)(作)(医)(院)(完)(成)(培)(训)(。最)(后)(如)(果)(觉)(得)(满)(意)(,盲)(人)(可)(以)(联)(系)(公)(司)(购)(买)(。  相)(比)(其)(他)(帮)(助)(盲)(人)(改)(善)(生)(活)(的)(技)(术)(,比)(如)(视)(网)(膜)(移)(植)(和)(视)(神)(经)(移)(植)(的)(技)(术)(,10万)(美)(元)(造)(价)(加)(上)(4万)(~5万)(美)(元)(手)(术)(费)(用)(折)(合)(人)(民)(币)(约)(70万)(。而)(BrainPort在)(中)(国)(的)(零)(售)(价)(预)(计)(在)(5500美)(元)(左)(右)(,即)(3万)(~3.5万)(人)(民)(币)((包)(括)(培)(训)(费)(用)(及)(税)()。  BrainPort研)(究)(顾)(问)(王)(代)(辉)(表)(示)(,目)(前)(Wicab公)(司)(表)(示)(已)(经)(和)(中)(国)(残)(疾)(人)(联)(合)(会)(相)(关)(人)(士)(取)(得)(联)(系)(。“他)(们)(明)(确)(表)(示)(乐)(意)(资)(助)(中)(国)(的)(儿)(童)(和)(青)(壮)(年)(购)(买)(我)(们)(的)(仪)(器)(,但)(是)(我)(们)(必)(须)(要)(通)(过)(实)(证)(的)(研)(究)(来)(证)(明)(,这)(些)(产)(品)(真)(的)(可)(以)(帮)(助)(孩)(子)(改)(善)(教)(育)(,帮)(助)(年)(轻)(人)(改)(善)(他)(们)(的)(工)(作)(能)(力)(。”  目)(前)(中)(国)(拥)(有)(世)(界)(上)(最)(多)(的)(盲)(人)(,600万)(左)(右)(的)(全)(盲)(人)(,预)(计)(潜)(在)(市)(场)((考)(虑)(中)(国)(盲)(人)(年)(龄)(因)(素)(及)(经)(济)(发)(展)(条)(件)()是)(18万)(。预)(计)(2019年)(时)(,Wicab在)(潜)(在)(用)(户)(的)(市)(场)(份)(额)(将)(为)(1%,销)(售)(8000台)(左)(右)(仪)(器)(,大)(约)(2000万)(美)(元)(的)(毛)(利)(润)(,1000万)(美)(元)(税)(后)(收)(入)(。  在)(销)(售)(策)(略)(上)(,罗)(伯)(特)(·贝)(克)(曼)(明)(确)(表)(示)(希)(望)(BrainPort能)(作)(为)(智)(能)(硬)(件)(进)(入)(中)(国)(市)(场)(,而)(不)(是)(医)(疗)(设)(备)(。  罗)(伯)(特)(·贝)(克)(曼)(解)(释)(道)(:“如)(果)(这)(个)(产)(品)(在)(中)(国)(不)(是)(医)(疗)(器)(械)(,显)(然)(会)(减)(少)(很)(多)(的)(行)(政)(管)(理)(成)(本)(,这)(样)(也)(会)(使)(得)(盲)(人)(可)(以)(得)(到)(更)(多)(的)(价)(格)(优)(惠)(,因)(为)(我)(们)(的)(成)(本)(减)(少)(了)(,盲)(人)(付)(出)(的)(价)(格)(会)(降)(低)(,会)(使)(更)(多)(的)(盲)(人)(支)(付)(得)(起)(,前)(提)(条)(件)(是)(符)(合)(中)(国)(的)(法)(律)(法)(规)(,我)(们)(不)(能)(一)(厢)(情)(愿)(。”  有)(图)(有)(料)(,尽)(在)(第)(一)(财)(经)(创)(新)(日)(报)(!  作)(者)(:刘)(佳)(张)(娱)(来)(源)(一)(财)(网)()
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